The research will provide systematic and comparable evidence, as well as an analysis of the content, scope and success of the austerity measures and reforms undertaken by the Autonomous Communities (ACs). Moreover, it will identify the political, economic or contextual constraints that explain the different adjustment or reform paths followed by the AC governments. In particular, it will seek to explain the strategies the regional governments have used to be able to achieve the objectives of fiscal consolidation and simultaneously overcome the political and social opposition often caused by these measures and compensate for the possible negative electoral consequences due to their unpopularity.
- To provide comparable empirical evidence between regions on the reform capacity and strategies of the public sector and social policies, analyzing the adjustment and fiscal austerity measures implemented by the regional governments.
- To explore the causal relationships between different variables and different strategies and content of government policies and adjustment policies carried out in the ACs.
- To study the influence of three factors on the government capacity and reform trajectories (our dependent variable), namely: structural and public policy legacies; leadership and electoral factors; and regional social context.